Equatorial Guinea, Brazil, São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde and Mozambique have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs). All the INDCs outline the countries' intended mitigation contributions, as well as their adaptation priorities, needs and efforts.
[21-09-2015] Equatorial Guinea submitted its INDC on 21 September 2015, setting a conditional target of reducing emissions by 20% by 2030, relative to 2010 levels and achieving a reduction of 50% by 2050. The goal is conditioned on favorable and predictable support and viable climate financing mechanisms, including through correcting distortions in existing market mechanisms. According to the INDC, the country intends to lower emissions in its agriculture, forestry, and other land use (AFOLU), waste, energy and transport sectors. In addition, the Government plans to address adaptation by: integrating climate issues into policy and planning processes at national, regional and local levels; implementing pilot risk reduction and adaptation measures; strengthening technical capacity to integrate climate risk management in coastal areas; and disseminating lessons learned.
Read the full Equatorial Guinea's INDC here.
[28-09-2015] In its INDC, Brazil puts forward an intended mitigation objective of reducing economy-wide GHG emissions by 37% below 2005 levels in 2025, and an indicative contribution of 43% below 2005 levels in 2030. The INDC covers CO2, CH4, N2O, perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). The country reserves its position with regard to the use of market mechanisms that may be established under the anticipated 2015 climate change agreement. Brazil states that its contribution is not contingent on international support, but that additional actions would require extensive expansion of such support. Among the goals Brazil is already planning is a 10% efficiency gain in the electricity sector by 2030. The country also includes information on adaptation undertakings.
Read the full Brazil's INDC here.
[30-09-2015] The submission from São Tomé and Príncipe explains that the country is an absolute sink of GHG but as it is one of the most affected by climate change, adaptation and risk reduction from climate change impacts are national priorities. The INDC therefore contains both adaptation and mitigation contributions. On adaptation, the targets include: developing a national programme for sustainable management of the forest and agro-forestry ecosystems by 2025; and reducing the illegal and indiscriminate falling of trees by 15%, by 2030.
Read the full São Tomé and Príncipe's INDC here.
[30-09-2015] In its INDC, Guinea-Bissau explains that it is an absolute GHG sink, given the high potential for sequestration of its forest sector, and that the two main sectors with the highest emissions are its forest and energy sectors. The INDC further states that given the country's development needs, its emissions are set to increase. It then outlines Guinea-Bissau's intended mitigation measures, all of which are conditional upon the receipt of international support.
Read the full Guinea-Bissau's INDC here.
[30-09-2015] Cabo Verde's INDC outlines renewable energy and energy efficiency targets, and other Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Its renewable energy commitment is to: achieve 100% grid access by 2017 and 30% renewable energy penetration into the electric grid by 2025, through unconditional unilateral efforts; and with international support, to increase the renewable energy uptake in electricity to 100% by 2025.
Read the full Cape Verde's INDC here.
[01-10-2015] The submission from Mozambique explains that the country intends to make its mitigation contribution by implementing specific policies and programmes, including the country's: National Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategy; Energy Strategy; Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Energy from Biomass Energy Strategy; Master Plan for Natural Gas; Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff Regulation; Integrated Urban Solid Waste Management Strategy; and National REDD+ (which stands for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) Strategy. Mozambique further indicates that the implementation of any proposed reduction is conditional on the provision of financial, technological and capacity building from the international community. Noting the country's extreme vulnerability to climate change impacts, the INDC also sets out the country's adaptation needs.
Read the full Mozambique's INDC here.
Angola and Timor Leste are the only Portuguese-speaking country that have not yet submitted an INDC.
All Parties to the UNFCCC are expected to submit INDCs in advance of the Paris Climate Change Conference, which will take place in November-December 2015.
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