1 of December 2022

EU/Angola: first sustainable investment facilitation agreement

On the 18th, the European Commission concluded negotiations with Angola on a Sustainable Investment Facilitation Agreement (AFIS) – the first agreement of this type signed by the EU.


These aim to promote sustainable investments in the context of their engagement with African partners. The AFIS EU-Angola will allow to attract and expand sustainable investments, while integrating commitments in terms of sustainable development in EU-Angola relations.


According to the European Commission, the agreement should contribute to boosting sustainable investment in Angola and the EU will also provide technical support to put it into practice. Angola seeks to diversify its economic model, currently based on the raw materials and energy resources available.


AFIS will also support Angola's efforts to improve the investment climate for foreign and local investors, especially small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition to the agreement reached, Angola intends to join the Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and the Southern African Development Community (EU-SADC EPA), in order to guarantee privileged access for Angolan exports to the EU market.


The conclusion of sustainable investment agreements with Africa and the Southern Neighborhood is part of the wider EU strategy to intensify dialogue with African countries through the 'peer partnership' approach. The aim is to unlock economic potential, foster economic diversification and promote inclusive and sustainable growth. These agreements are intended to strengthen sustainable trade and investment linkages between both continents and within Africa itself, in line with the Global Gateway strategy.


Main elements of the agreement:


  • Strengthening the transparency and predictability of investment-related measures, for example by publishing all legislation and investment conditions and promoting the use of single information portals for investors;
  • The simplification of investment authorization procedures and the promotion of online public administration;
  • Fostering interactions between investors and management, creating focal points and stakeholder consultations.


Making investments more sustainable by:


  • The promotion of sustainable development, including commitments towards the effective implementation of international agreements on labor and the environment, such as the Paris Agreement; 
  • Fostering responsible business conduct through the adoption of international standards by companies; 
  • Strengthening bilateral cooperation on aspects related to investment in policies on climate change and gender equality; 
  • Dialogue with civil society on the implementation of the agreement.


Based on the conclusion of negotiations, the agreement will now be legally reviewed by the parties and translated into all EU languages, before being proposed for signature and further adoption under the respective EU and Angolan procedures. Regarding the EU, it will have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. Angola is the seventh most important destination for EU investments in Africa, and represents 5.4% of EU foreign direct investments in the continent, which amounted to EUR 10 billion in 2020. Angola's investment volume in the EU was 2.4 billion euros in 2020.


Source © FBL Advogados & Abreu: Advogados