During the month of April, data collection began within the framework of the National Survey on the impact of access to sustainable energy in Mozambique.
This is a statistical operation that aims to collect data that serve as evidence for developing knowledge about access to sustainable and modern energy at the level of Households and communities in general.
The collected information will contribute to the so-called “Sustainable Energy for All initiative”, included in the Sustainable Development Goals defined by the United Nations.
The project is being carried out by the National Institute of Statistics of Mozambique (INE) in coordination with ALER Associates, the Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy and the Associate and Electricidade de Moçambique (EDM), financed by NORAD – Norwegian Development Agency.
For the data collection, 6480 households and 285 enumeration areas were selected, to which 13 brigades were deployed. This initiative also aims to develop and strengthen INE's capacities in the technical and human resources, create bases that contribute to improving evidence-based planning, with the objective to facilitating access to sustainable energy throughout the country, and contribute to facilitate the level measurement of access to sustainable energy and its impact on economic development and the community’s well-being.
It is also part of the objectives to be achieved to collect data that allow the definition of the evidence-based knowledge platform, thus facilitating the allocation of public resources, in the energy sector, in a more cost-effective way and according to defined priorities.
This type of initiatives is extremely relevant for carrying out a real diagnosis of the impact of renewable energies, in order to define policies and monitor their development. For this reason, it is recommended that this type of survey should be carried out in other PALOP countries, as is the case of the 2018 and 2019 statistical from Cape Verde, which allowed the establishment of sustainable development objectives for the 2030/2063 agenda.
Access to renewable and affordable energy is the seventh Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of the 2030 agenda, adopted by almost all countries in the world, in the context of the United Nations. The fulfilment of this task requires coordinated monitoring and evaluation of the implementation impact of energy-related projects. Among the variables that will be investigated within the framework of the survey, they include access to energy by type of source, socioeconomic characteristics of households with and without access to sustainable energy, energy sources used in Mozambique, period of access to energy and causes of non-access to sustainable energy by communities.