The "Energy Sector Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report for the period 2010-2019" of São Tomé and Príncipe is already available, launched by the General Directorate of Natural Resources and Energy (DGRNE) with the funding of the UK Project through the GEF Fund.
The report, which can be consulted HERE, indicates that in 2010 there was a 52% increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to 2017, thus presenting a general increase in the energy industry sector, and between 2018 and 2019 the value remained almost constant (between 80 and 90 Gg CO2 eq).
It also states that the energy industry sector remains the largest contributor to total emissions in 2019, representing around 53% of all emissions. In the same analysis, other sectors such as transport were considered, with a share of 27%.
For the year 2019 CO2 gas is the primary GHG, representing about 94% of the emissions from the energy sector. These emissions stem mainly from the combustion of fossil fuels in this sector, particularly from electricity generation and road transport.
As regards the next steps, the report focuses on three key points: access and organisation of data, more effective access to data and the promotion of sectoral exchanges on data collection, processing and storage; the existence of Institutional Engagement by the Government, other National Authorities, as well as the private sector and, as a third point, the use of more energy-efficient equipment and also the implementation of renewable energy sources.
The process of drawing up the Greenhouse Gas Inventory for the Energy Sector has been elaborated in recent years (1998, 2005 and 2012) under the obligations of São Tomé and Príncipe, as a member of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), through which the country must report on a regular basis on its status in relation to the issue.